War Arsenal of Ivan The Terrible Found Close To Moscow

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During his time in power, Ivan the Terrible expanded Russia’s power and totally altered the political structure. He controlled the country by ensuring total fear and terror within his people, especially the high nobles. This was carried out via regular military warfare, and historians believethey have located an extensive war arsenal that could have been intended for use by Ivan.

The store of weaponry was located during construction, close to Zvenigorod, a small town near Moscow and contains an amazing variety of military equipment – weaponry, and much more.

During the time they were stored underground, the area was one that Ivan had ordered be bought under control by the military. The scientists belive that the cache may have belonged to one of the officers of these campaigns.

This gives us a great concept how a Russian officer may have prepared for starting a military campaign. Each noble officer would have a personal weapons cache in readiness. This dig lets us view the preparations carried by the officer elite of the army at this time.

states Dr. Asya Engovatova, from the Russian Academy of Sciences,

The most incredible weapons located are the spiked helmets, close to undamaged by rust and still located in material lined leather boxes. They were was usually worn by knights and may have been coated in gold and silver.

The scientists believe the cache still exists only as the house that they were located under likely was burnt prior to the weapons and armor being removed for battle.

Why The Romans Were Not As Hygienic As You May Believe

image-20160105-28974-1geilo9Before the Romans, the Greeks was the only civilisation to have used toilets. However by the height of the Roman Empire during the 3rd century AD the Romans had brought sanitation to most of their lands, reaching across western and southern Europe, what is now the Middle East as well as North Africa. Their unique technologies included huge public toilets, town sewers, clean water flowing through aqueducts, truely elegant public bathing and regulations that required towns to take trash from the roads.

Modern research has revealed that toilets and clean water lower the real risks of human stomach infections by viruses, bacteria as well as water bourne parasites. We may expect that health would improve due to these measures being introduced, when compared to earlier civilisations, or other world locations.

However unexpectedly, there was not a drop in parasites as a result of poor sanitation. There was actually a slow increase. This suggests Roman hygenic technologies such as latrines and sewers were ineffective in improving gastrointestinal health.

Texts from the period discuss that human waste was utilised as a fertilizer, and so parasite eggs would have been able to contaminate these foods and permitted the reinfection of the people when they consumed the food.

A further study also suggests that Roman baths had no defined positive effect on a populations health when it comes to ectoparasites.

The unexpected archaeological evidence does not convey any positive health benefit from Roman sanitation, but alternatively, that expanding Romanisation led to a rise in some parasite species as a result of trade and migration through the empire.